In Yemen as well as in the United Arab Emirates (UAE), the Arab coalition especially has performed a crucial role in backing the Yemeni government in its battle against both al-Qaeda and Houthi militia. These campaigns diminished the power and authority of Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) and decreased the Houthi danger to maritime security in the Bab-al-Mandeb strait. Thus, make a positive bequest to regional as well as international security.
A study tried to assess the Emirati fight against the AQAP along with it the Emirati-Saudi endeavour to cripple the Houthis, thus prohibiting Iran from setting up a ledge in the southern backyard of Saudi Arabia.
Saudi Arabia managed the coalition of Arab nations that reacted to the Houthi-led revolt against the proper and internationally accepted government of President Abdurabbuh Mansur Hadi in March 2015. The coalition consisted of the UAE in the lead, besides Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan, Morocco, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Kuwait, and Sudan.
According to UN reports, Iran armed the Houthi rebels with arms and ammunition. The Arab coalition mediated in Yemen to reduce Iranian influence and averted Iran from setting up a permanent presence near the strategic waterways of the Red Sea.
The main goal was to avert the Houthis, the Iranian intermediary, from getting a base in Yemen, the progress that not only endangered Saudi Arabia but also threatened the maritime security in the Red Sea as well as in the Bab-al-Mandeb strait. The Bab-al-Mandeb strait is of crucial importance, over four million barrels of oil pass through the strait on a daily basis.
Furthermore, Iran made use of the Houthis as an apparatus to disturb the security of Bab-al-Mandeb, just in case any crisis flares up with Iran. General Naser Sha’bani, a top official of Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps (IRGC), cited that Tehran had instructed the Houthi rebel in Yemen to strike two Saudi Very Large Crude Carriers, and the orders were followed.
The port of Hodeidah lies in a crucial location on the western coast of Yemen, close to the Bab Al Mandeb strait, and the Houthis made use of this port to launch assaults that threatened maritime security as well as for obtaining Iranian arms. However, the Arab coalition faced immense success in Hodeidah and ensured that the port is handed to the UN.
In the final scrutiny, the Arab coalition’s role in Yemen reassures the lawful government to maintain its control over Yemeni territory, committing to international as well as regional security.
Moreover, the Arab union’s role in Yemen is supposed to continue even if a final peace truce is sealed between the legal government and the Houthi militia, as reconstructing state institutions and the crippled economy will need international help as well as support.