On Thursday, Germany presented its National Energy and Climate Plan (NECP) and hydrogen strategy to the European Union. The new 10-year plan, which heavily rested on renewable energy, including solar, wind and water, was submitted six months after the formal deadline. With Germany’s submission, it leaves only Ireland which has not sent its climate plan to Brussels.
The European Commission has been contemplating over setting a tougher 2030 climate target, which would be laid out by September. The EU’s executive Commission is yet to take a final call over reducing the emission rate either by 50% or 55% for the coming decade in order to put the bloc on track to bring down its net greenhouse gas emissions to zero by 2050. In order to adopt the most practical and realistic plan for the bloc, the Union asked all the member nations to submit their climate plan.
As per Germany’s climate plan, the country decided to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 55% by 2030, keeping 1990 rate as base. Last year, Germany was successful in bringing down its emission rate by 35.7%. But being the largest emitter in the bloc, many thought Germany’s plan to be too ambitious to follow.
According to the German economics ministry, the core reason for the delay in the plan’s submission was to reach consensus over specifications of its coal phase-out plan and its climate protection law, which were adopted in September 2019. The German cabinet besides approving a hydrogen strategy also agreed to provide rebate over consumer bills supported by subsidies on use of renewable energy.
The country imposed various measures for its carbon reduction in transport, buildings, agriculture, industry, energy and waste management in next 10 years. Besides taking multiple steps to promote Eco-friendly energy consumption techniques over the years, it is the first time, the German cabinet passed a legally-binding carbon budget for each sector and levied a CO2 price for the transport and building sectors from 2021.
Berlin also committed to increase the use of renewable energies in energy consumption to 30% as compared to 2008. At present its consumption of renewable energy is 17.5% of Germany’s total energy use, though its consumption is 40% in the electricity sector.
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